The territory of DILOLO is a decentralized entity of the province of Lualaba. Areas: Luena, Lulua-Lukoshi, Mutamba, Muyeye, Muakandala, Mutshisenge, Ndumba, Saluseke, Tshisangana
Dilolo is a city and territory of LUALABA Province in the Democratic Republic of Congo west of Lubumbashi, on the border with Angola. It is the entry point of the SNCC railway line linking Luanda to the Atlantic Ocean in Lubumbashi. The railway crossing was re-inaugurated in 2004 after a twenty-six-year interruption in rail traffic, mainly due to the civil war in Angola.
It is located in southwestern Congo. This territory is limited:
- in the North by the territory of SANDOA
- In the North – East by the territory of Kamina
- south and west by Angola and Kasai
- To the West by the territory of MUTSHATSHA
- And South East by Zambia
It is located in the south-west of the country, between the parallels 10.3 ° South Latitude and between 22 ° to 24 ° East Longitude 10 ° 15 ‘3 ° South Latitude and 22 ° to 24 East Longitude.
The territory is located at an altitude varying between 400 to 750 m in a North-West and South-East direction. It is crossed by two lakes and many rivers. The most important are:
- Lake Ndembo and Lake Kambala
- Lukoshi river
- Kasa River
- Lwashi River
He has a tropical climate with a season alternating with the dry season which starts the middle of April until September, the rainy season runs from early September to the middle of April.
It varies with the seasons with an average of 24 ° C and a maximum of 35 ° C.
The soil is clay-sandy; the relief is generally formed a wooded savannah.
The singularity of territory of DILOLO is in its potential in agriculture, livestock and small border trade because it has the vast non-arable areas with very rich soil. This is also supported by the climate since in DILOLO it rains almost four days a week. In addition, in Lualaba, DILOLO is the only territory with a shorter way to evacuate products to Angola. Thanks to this, it is possible to develop large economic activities and even large investments of agricultural obedience.
There are five dominant tribes including Tshokwe, Lunda, Ndembo, Minungu and Luvale.
Languages spoken in this territory
- Tsokwe (59%)
- Swahili (23%)
- Lunda (10%)
- Ndembo (3%)
- Portuguese (2%)
In this territory, the TSHOKWE is the most spoken language on the whole territory. Lunda, NDEMBO and Portuguese are spoken by a small number of the population.
- Agriculture (40%)
- Small businesses (35%)
- Breeding (20%)
- Fishing (3%)
- Artisanal gold mining (2%)
The majority of the population of the territory engages in agriculture and small trade. This is due to the fact that the territory is full of many potentialities in agriculture and shares the border with Angola.
Main activities of economic operators
- Sale of food products from Angola, Kolwezi or Lubumbashi
- Sale of pharmaceutical products
- Transfer of funds (financial messaging)
- Travel agency (transportation of goods and people)
- Artisanal gold farms
Main agricultural products
- Cassava (67.9%)
- Groundnut (28.3%)
- Corn (2.7%)
- Paddy Rice (0.5%)
- Bean (0.4%)
Cassava is produced in all sectors of the DILOLO territory. The annual production of the territory is 14465.14 tons. Cassava is eaten either in chichwangue or in boiled tubers. Much of it is also resold in Angola and neighbouring territories.
Maize is also produced in very large quantities, with an annual production of 66,464 tonnes. It is consumed in the form of boiled or grilled food and also transformed into local alcohol. Some of the production is also sold to neighbouring territories and the nearest consumption centre like Luau in Angola.
Rice and beans are produced in small quantities and are used for local consumption as food for children.
Main non-agricultural products
- Caterpillars (25%)
- Mushrooms (15%)
- Palm oil (25%)
- Honey (5%)
The non-agricultural products most consumed in the DILOLO territory are non-timber forest products (caterpillars and fungi). They are taken from forests located near homes and are consumed throughout the year. They are intended for local consumption and are found in all 2 sectors of Luena and Mutanda territory. Palm oil is produced in small quantities by a few inhabitants. It is used for local consumption and is used for making soap.
Main sources of energy
- Wood (75%)
- Oil (20%)
- Electricity (6%)
- Solar (4%)
Number of hospitals 4
Number of Heath centre 48
The DILOLO territory has two health zones with four references general’s hospitals and forty-eight health centres and posts. The reference general hospital of DILOLO was created around 1960-1961 by the Belgian colonizers. It includes obstetrics gynaecology, internal medicine H & F, surgery, radiology, laboratory, clinic and clinic. 20 doctors and 260 nurses work there with a capacity of 750 beds and 541 beds installed overall.
Out of 48 health centres, six are private (two in the kasaji health zone and four in the DILOLO health zone). These health centres provide services such as maternity, curative health care, pharmacy and paediatrics and together represent a capacity of 65 beds. On average, there are 0 doctors and 5 nurses. For serious cases, patients are referred to the reference hospital.
A large proportion of drugs are available in health centres and pharmacies in all areas of the DILOLO territory thanks to the PARSS Project. But some specialized drugs are not available and you have to order them months in advance in the big neighbouring cities.
Primary and secondary education
Primary schools 186
Secondary schools 73
The territory of DILOLO has two subdivisions, the latter having together 259 schools including 186 primary and 73 secondary.
So there is :
• 80 primary and 39 secondary to the sub-proved 1 kasaji
• 106 primary and 34 secondary to the under-proved 2 DILOLO.
Higher and university education
Higher Institutes 2
There are two Higher Institute and two universities in the territory of DILOLO with as sector:
• The nursing sciences, economy, law, social sciences and hospital as well as management.
All of these institutions suffer from the proper buildings and infrastructure.
1. Agriculture, fishing and farming (80%)
2. Human Rights Defense (10%)
3. Initiation to entrepreneurship to the needy (6%)
4. Health: HIV outreach (4%)
In the territory of DILOLO there are no international NGOs working in the health sector such as MSF, Red Cross, UNICEF, etc. who are mainly concerned with vaccinating children and treating epidemics. There are some local NGOs working more on livestock and agriculture.
Major development projects under financing other than Government
1. SADRI (Church of the Body of Christ)
2. PRESAR (African Development Bank)
Presently, there is that these two projects development, these two are focused on agriculture, SADRI involved in providing indispensable tools in the garden; this project is funded by the Body of Christ Church, the PRESAR is a grant from the African Development Bank. He is in charge of the development of the agricultural infrastructures of the territory.
Accessibility of the territory
Navigable Briefs No
Access to the territory of DILOLO is done either by road, by air and by train.
The roads to enter and leave the territory are the national N ° 39 (which connects DILOLO with the territory of MUTSHATSHA, SANDOA) and the other roads of agricultural connection which connect DILOLO with the territories of SANDOA, KAPANGA and MUTSHATSHA.
By air, it is currently possible to take the plane leaving LUBUMBASHI- KOLWEZI for DILOLO. The bulk of the traffic in agricultural goods is transported on the road by means of trucks, bicycles and motorcycles with the arrival of manufacturing goods and from agricultural products.
This territory is covered by three telecommunication networks including Airtel, Vodacom and Orange. However, there are AIRTEL and VODACOM which offer the financial service (Airtel Money and M-pesa). All these networks are sporadic in a few places
Botanical gardens No
Zoological garden No
Tourist attractions Yes
Sacred sites Yes
At DILOLO, there are a total of 11 falls throughout the country.
Flagship species of wildlife
• Golden monkeys
Flagship species of flora
• Wild species.
The territory of DILOLO has several development opportunities, among which we can mention:
1. Great opportunities for agriculture;
2. Great opportunities for breeding;
3. Great opportunities for the development of commercial activities of agricultural and livestock products thanks to its proximity to several consumer centres (City of DILOLO, KASAJI and KISENGE).
To this must be added the possibility of evacuation of products to Angola, KOLWEZI by road and air.
The security situation in the territory of Dilolo is relatively calm.
The territory of Dilolo has several development opportunities, among which we can mention:
Great opportunities for agriculture;
Great opportunities for breeding;
Great opportunities for the development of commercial activities of agricultural and livestock products thanks to the proximity of several consumption centres (City of Dilolo, Kasaji and Kisenge).
There is also the possibility to evacuate products to Angola, Kolwezi by road and air.