The territory of Mutshatsha was born since the creation of the city of Kolwezi in 1971 and was attached to it by presidential order N ° 76-299 of 16/04/1976, creating the city of Kolwezi whose chief town current was a position of Administrative Supervision. It was detached from the city of Kolwezi by the provincial enumeration law No. 15/004 of 28/02/2015. Its economic importance was due to the presence of the facilities of the Congo Railways Company as “SNCC” and the Mutshatsha-Kabanga road traffic to Zambia / Ikelenge and Nyakaseya to Angola. The territory of Mutshatsha is bounded on the east: by the territories of Lubudi and Kambove; To the West: By the natural boundary of the rivers Mukuleshi left bank Muzenji and Lupweji of the territory of Dilolo; In the North : On the natural boundary of the river Lutungulu territory de Kamina ; Northeast: By the natural boundary of the Masumba River of Lubudi territory South: By the Republic of Zambia
Administratively, the territory of Mutshatsha consists of three sectors, which are subdivided into nine groups and three hundred and thirty-six villages distributed as follows: Luilu sector: 4 groups including Mwilu, Kazembe, Mwanfwe and Mpwene (182 villages) Mukuleshi sector : 3 groups including Kasanga, Mawewa and Mafunga (52 villages)
Lufupa sector: 2 groups including Mushima and Musokantanda (102 villages)
Longitude: 24 to 30 ° and 26 to 30 ° East
Latitude: 5 to 6 ° 25 ‘South
The altitude is 675m
Climate Dry tropical, with a temperature that varies from 22° to 27°.
Agricultural seasons: The seasonal alternation in the territory of Mutshatsha, takes place between two seasons: the rainy season which extends from October to mid-April with very abundant rains from the month of December to the month of March, and the dry season that goes from mid-April to October. These seasons have three growing seasons classified as follows:
Season A: practised during the rainy season;
Season B: practiced in January and February, that is to say in the second season for crops such as soybean, peanut and beans.
Season C: practised for the demanding crops of the dry season.
Soil type: In terms of soil, the territory of Mutshatsha is characterized by sandy soils, sandy clay, clay loam, but also by limestone substrate.
Relief and vegetation: The territory is dotted with mountains, hills and plateaus especially in the 2 sectors of Luilu and Lufupa as well as woody savannas, grassy ( Kamoa, Lupanda ) not to mention the valleys, forests and galleries.
Basement: Rich in Mineral substances in the 2 sectors of Luilu and Lufupa ;
Hydrography: the main rivers are (Lualaba, Mukuleshi , Lupweji , Ludi, Lufupa, Kamoa ). In addition to these main rivers, the territory is also marked by the presence of two lakes namely KANDO and NZILO which abound several species of fish.
FEATURES AND RICHES OF THE TERRITORY
The greatest peculiarity of the wealth of the territory of Mutshatsha is the mining domain in the Luilu sector. This particularity is the copper content of the Kamoa Dilungu deposit estimated at 2.67% copper according to the prospecting studies conducted by the mining company Africa Mineral. Naturally, it is a very vast geographical extent having as vegetation cover the grassy savannah. In addition, there are also high levels of other minerals such as cobalt, gold, cassiterite and many others. In terms of agriculture, the territory also has vast arable areas for the development of staple crops such as cassava and maize, but also favourable for the growth of oilseeds, protein crops and other cereals, not to mention the favourable conditions for the implantation of orchards. The exploitation of wood resources is also a considerable contribution to the wealth of the territory.
The indigenous population of Mutshatsha is composed mainly of four clans namely: Ndembo, Sanga, Kaonde and Luba (minority).
Languages spoken in this territory
Artisanal and industrial mining
Apart from agriculture and small-scale mining, those who do not have all the factors of production combined, engage in other activities such as the extraction of wild honey and other small-scale production activities. returned. The very agriculture in which the majority of the population is active is subsistence farming, as many do not have access to the government’s allocation of farm tractors to expand the area planted.
The population of Mutshatsha lives mainly from agriculture (cassava, maize, sweet potatoes, beans, pineapple), fishing, small livestock (chickens, goats, pigs) and petty trade.
Given the degree of degradation of some agricultural feeder roads, without bridges and problem dykes, some villages are isolated. This difficulty has a negative effect, the poverty of peasants rendering them unable to educate their children, to take care of themselves for the medical care etc …
The inaccessibility of some villages makes economic life very precarious in the capital of the Territory.
Clearly, money does not flow. This is why the work of manual cardboard, the rehabilitation of bridges, dykes are a capital necessity.
The economic spiral of the territory of Mutshatsha is fueled by a workforce of at least 230 economic operators but for the main economic operators in the territory, they are non-existent. It is also important to appeal to mining investors. The paving of the road, the consolidation of rails, will also allow economic operators both national and foreign hesitant to open their economic activities on the spot in the capital of the territory. This dismal economic situation is a major obstacle to the installation of banks or money transfer agencies. Economic operators often spend Mutshatsha and go on to operate in other territories, in this case, Dilolo, Sandoa. Instead of Mutshatsha supplying the town of Kolwezi with foodstuffs, it is rather Kolwezi who does the opposite. Without question any, the economy of the territory of Mutshatsha is really at a discount.
Main activities of economic operators
The 230 economic operators have diversified their economic activities in several directions, including shops, shops, food stores, kiosks, pharmacies, health centers, dispensaries, hotels, terraces, bars, restaurants, planks, ore deposits, hardware stores, charcoal mining, artisanal mining, the disposal of materials from Musompo , Kawama , Kisamfu , and many other sites. There are mining quarries in the territory with very large agglomerations, which allows the actors to increase their purchasing power.
Main activities of SMEs / SMIs
Absence of SME / SMI activities
Main agricultural products
Given the repertoire of major agricultural products cited above, has a subsistence agriculture with abundant agricultural products such as pineapple, bananas and others from Zambia. To give an industrial revolution to the production of these products,
The most cultivated agricultural product in the territory is cassava, which is the staple food of the territory and is consumed in the form of cooking flour, followed by corn, which is also grown and used for cooking.
Main non-agricultural products
The few main non-agricultural products consumed in the territory of Mutshatsha are locally- grown mushrooms called Buyoka, wild honey and mangoes in the rainy season which are in abundance of which more than 75% rot on the ground thus constituting food for pigs and goats .
Main sources of energy
Nzilo Hydroelectric Power Station
The Nzilo dam
The catenary line of the SNCC
Solar panels voltaic photos
The capital of the territory of Mutshatsha is supplied with electricity from the National Society of Railways in Congo (SNCC). With regard to this power supply, it comes from the catenary line which serves to pull electric locomotives. On-site in Mutshatsha, there is a single-phase external-type transformer of 225 KVA fed from the catenary at 2500 V which outputs 380V single-phase powering a phase converter of 150 KVA which outputs 220 three-phase distributed to the various subscribers of the city. The residential area is powered by a small transformer type 75KVA indoor single-phase 320V / 220V which also powered part of the SNCC camp for workers. The villages bordering railways between Kolwezi – Tenke and Kolwezi – Mutshatsha, in all stations of the SNCC are also fed by the catenary line.
Number of hospitals 4
Number of health centers 65
The Mutshatsha territory has 4 hospitals and 65 health centers, including 16 in the Lualaba health zone, 36 in the Kanzenze zone and 13 in the Mutshatsha health zone . Of the 4 hospitals 2 are general referral hospitals, one of which is in the health zone of Mutshatsha and the other in that of Kanzenze. The hospital in the health zone of Lualaba belongs to the mining company MUMI and is only in the service of workers of the latter. The two health zones of Lualaba and Kanzenze were created in 2003.
Most common illnesses
2. the IRAs
3. typhoid fever
5. simple diarrhoea
Primary and secondary education
Primary schools 112
Secondary schools 37
the territory of Mutshatsha has a total of 149 schools in all three sectors and the city of Mutshatsha of which 112 primary and 37 secondary.
The following distribution of these 149 schools is based on the criterion of the management and non-sectoral regime. Thus, the territory counted for unprivileged primary 25 versus 6 secondary schools, for primary 13 versus 13 secondary, for Protestant primary 35 versus 13 secondary, on Kimbanguist agreements, there was 7 primary versus 13 secondary to that which under agreement of orthodox 8 primary schools against 5 secondary and finally the private and accredited schools had risen to 24 primary against secondary 5.
The Mutshatsha sub-division also registered three kindergartens, notably in Kanzenze, another for the SNCC and a third for SNEL. The number of students divided by level is as follows: Level 1: 40 boys against 51 girls, Level 2: 27 boys against 11 girls and Level 3: 5 boys against 7 girls. These three levels were provided by 10 teachers all new units. These three nursery schools are private and approved management system (PA) in acronym.
Higher and university education
Higher Institutes 0
The University of CEPROMAD is a private and accredited Christian education institution of the DRC, of public interest that offers a universal type of university education aimed at training job creators instead of job seekers. It is recognized by the Congolese State and has a legal personality enabling it to sign the partnership agreements both internally and externally and this in accordance with the presidential decree N ° 06/01/106 of 12 June 2006 granting the personality certain private universities that are still viable and authorized by issuing diplomas legally recognized by the DRC government and partner countries. The said presidential decree came after having obtained the authorization to operate, given its viability since 1991 by Ministerial Order No. ESU / CABMIN / 0186/91. In consideration of its speciality focused on management, the UNIC / ASBL, the parent institution gave birth to the autonomous Cepromad University and represented by province in our country the DRC. In the territory of Mutshatsha; this university was established in Kolwezi in 1982 before all the other institutions of higher education and university today. The choices of the students enrolled at CEPROMAD University, concern the following courses organized:
Faculty of Management and Economics: Administration and Business Management, Human Resources Management, Development Management, Marketing and Finance and Business Dynamics, Project Administration and Management, Financial Management, Planning, Economics, Information Systems Management, entrepreneurship. 2. Faculty of Computer Science: Computer Management, Computer Network Management, Computer Systems Design. 3. Faculty of Law: Private and judicial law, business law, economic and social law, public law. 4. Faculty of Social Sciences: International Relations, Political and Administrative Sciences, Sociology.
ACCESSIBILITY OF THE TERRITORY
Navigable Beams No
The road network of the Mutshatsha territory contains vital roads, local roads and national roads, the distances of which are listed below:
Mutshatsha – Kolwezi – Kisanfu: 248 km
Mutshatsha – Lungenda: 30 km
Mutshatsha – Kawewa – Kazovu: 105 km
Mutshatsha – Kabanga – Zambia: 60 km
Musokatanda – Zambia: 60 km
Mushima – Kabundi – Kolwezi: 58 km
Kolwezi ——- Kazembe : 15 km
Kazembe —— Mwanfwe : 30 km
Kolwezi ——- Mpwene : 30 km
Kolwezi ——- Musokatanda : 60 km
Kolwezi ——- Mushima : 58 km
Mutshatsha —— Kabanga : 60 km
Usolo ——– Kazovu : 68 km
Usolo ——– Mafunga : 30 km
Mulomba —— Kazovu : 57 km
Tshowelo —— Katapula : 20 km
Routes of National Interest
Kisanfu – Kolwezi = Asphalted ( 63Km )
Kolwezi – Usolo ( Namuyombo ) = Clay (200 Km)
MULOMBA-KAZOVU = beaten earth (70Km)
The territory of MUTSHATSHA is crossed by the national road N ° 39 with 63 km asphalted and 200 km in earth. Of the 200 km in earth, 95 km are well-levelled dirt.
Presence of three communication networks: Vodacom, Airtel and Orange
Botanic Gardens No
Zoological Garden No
Tourist attractions Yes
Sacred Sites No
There is a very large waterfall in the Mukuleshi area, at least 40m high and 50m wide, with an incredible stony construction cut into steps. It is a fall capable of supplying electric power all the province of Lualaba, it is really a development opportunity for the country. There is also a waterfall in the Luilu area.
Flagship species of wildlife
Flagship species of flora
The plant producing the drink Munkoyo
The security situation is relatively calm. The territory is almost entirely secure, there is total coverage of security, except the marked presence of a few ill-intentioned in some parts of the territory.
The territory of Mutshatsha presents great development opportunities based mainly in the agropastoral, agro-forestry and mining fields but also in the tourism context.
In the agropastoral field, the territory offers great geo-morphological wealth such as plateaus, valleys and tunnels where agricultural speculations, in this case, maize, cassava and vegetable crops can be envisaged without any need to resort to chemical fertilizers. These vast, green expanses also provide flourishing pasture for cattle such as cattle.
In agroforestry, the exploitation of wood is also of very important economic importance. Regarding the mining potential, the territory is full of hills, grassy savannas rich in copper deposits, coralliferous but also in cassiterite. The economic progress of the territory can also target the processing of non-agricultural products such as mangoes, which are very abundant in the rainy season and can be transformed into juice. The tourist peculiarities of the territory are represented by the waterfalls, in this case, the fall of Mukwiza in the area of Mukuleshi.